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Types of Composting

kitchen scraps for vermicompostingComposting has always been a good method of recycling. It not only helps breakdown decomposing organic materials (like food scraps from the kitchen, days old animal manure, grass clippings, dried leaves, and more), it also helps enhance the life of the ecosystem by making good use of its by-products. There are also three main types of composting. You’ll just have to pick which one will work better for your garden or lawn. But whether you choose one from the other, it’ll still be a good choice, as composting is eco-friendly and very cost-effective.

The first kind of composting is aerobic composting. In this process, air is used to compost organic materials. You can use organic scraps that are high in nitrogen, which are usually your ‘greens’. Anyway, bacteria that is produced from wastes that have a high nitrogen content, will be the ones to generate high temperatures; and these temperatures can go as high as 160 degrees. Take note that this composting method requires much needed attention. You’ll have to turn the compost every few days or so, so that the air and temperature in your compost will rise. It should also be kept moist at all times. The decomposing process for this type is fast and usually doesn’t cause any odors.

The second kind of composting is anaerobic composting. Now this is the opposite of aerobic, as it composts without having to use air. It also doesn’t require much attention, as you’ll only have to leave your organic wastes into a compost pile; and then leave it to decompose after a few years. Composting using the anaerobic process is a good example of garbage that has been thrown to the landfill. Wastes that have been accumulated in this type of area takes years before it fully breaks down. So if you’ve experienced this kind of composting, then you’ll know that it smells really bad too. The smell comes from the bacteria’s breakdown of organic wastes, that then turn into harsh mixtures (an example would be methane).

Now, the third kind of composting is vermicomposting (where both oxygen and moisture is present). If you were to compare this to the previous two processes, then this is definitely the most effective way to composting. With this method, you’ll be able to compost food with the help of red worms (you can avail of The Worm Factory from local stores or from online shops) and many other beneficial microbes (like bacteria, fungi, good insects, and others more). These organisms that are present in the system help out in the breaking up of organic wastes (can be in the form of kitchen scraps, grass clippings, presoaked newspaper, peat moss, coconut coir, etc.). Red worms, on the other hand, also eat these microbes, and also feed on food scraps present in the worm bin. And as soon as these worms have finished digesting, they in turn deposit their castings (also known as worm manure). This worm by-product can then be used as an organic fertilizer (can also be in liquid form) for your plants and soil. Of course, this kind of composting requires a little attention, since you’ll have to feed your worms; and also check the current state of your worm bin. Take note that you should also provide your worm bin some drainage and aeration holes (for excess fluids to drain out and also for air to circulate in and out of the bin).

Composting is good for the environment. So choose to practice these types of composting to also help in minimizing landfill accumulation. To learn more about composting, you can further read about it by checking our article: Basic Facts and Advantages of Composting

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